Varicose veins in the feet is one of the most serious evils of the TWENTY-first century. The sedentary lifestyle, the rush, the lack of response to signals from the body leads to serious health problems.
The varicose disease (or of the popular assembly of the varicose veins of the veins) is swelling under the skin perifricas by reason of stagnation of the blood. Swollen vessels become blue, then violet. Later, ulcers form, clots of blood, a man full of strong pains in the legs. How to combat the scourge? We are going to understand.
What is varicose veins
Vascular disease known for thousands of years. Even ancient egyptian texts contain a mention of an insidious disease. Pathology develops when the blood system of the peripheral vessels affected.
Medical aspects of the disease:
- when a congenital weakness of the venous walls, under the influence of factors of valves, will cause the overflow of the blood, cease to function normally;
- the reflux of the blood is altered, forming clots, clots of blood, another venous pressure increases;
- the excess of blood that doesn't have time to go through the clear, accumulate, dilate the blood vessels;
- outside of the wall to climb closer to the surface of the epidermis, because of this, they are well visible under the skin.
- more of clots and the affected areas, more obstacles to the normal flow of blood;
- vienna "curl", they lose the normal view. In the later stages of the vessels similar to blue or dark purple thick rope.
More often of vienna swell up in the legs due to the high pressure and the lower mobility of the "sitting" or "standing" in the work. Varicose veins affect people of different social status.
Many consider this pathology of an occupational disease. At the risk of winning the distension of the veins peripheral:
- the workers of the IT-sphere;
- the sellers;
- drivers and other.
The causes of the
After numerous studies scientists have found factors triggers the inflammation of the veins, the violation of the circulation of the blood, the onset of pain, heaviness, weakness in the legs.
The main causes:
- the excess of weight;
- the inheritance. The parents were weak of vienna? The probability of the development of the same pathology in children reaches 70 per cent;
- the congenital weakness of the connective tissue;
- the rubber bands of socks or stockings.
Other causative factors of venous stasis:
- the prolonged use of the computer;
- the lack of movement;
- the habit of sitting, lying leg;
- need to spend a long time "at the feet";
- hormonal disorders. The greatest danger is stalking the women during the pregnancy, after the onset of menopause;
- heels. The constant walking in high heels is a heavy burden in vienna;
- frequent lifting, the weight transfer;
- poor diet, excess serious, fatty foods, lack of vegetables.
The first signs and symptoms
Recognize varicose veins is quite simple. Only it is important to pay attention to the signs, they are all very sends the body. In case of a bad lifestyle, lack of desire to dedicate a bit of time the disease develops quickly.
Often they are surprised of vienna:
- in the feet;
- in the rectum;
- in the pelvis.
It is much less swollen of vienna:
- the esophagus;
- the seed of the umbilical cord.
The main symptoms of varicose veins:
- the feeling of pain, heaviness in legs, swelling at the end of the day;
- sensation of burning, warmth, the fullness of vienna;
- little by little, unpleasant feelings, not only after a day of work or exercise;
- by night, human plagued with cramps in the legs;
- sometimes the signs of varicose veins appear under the knees or in the back of the surface of the feet;
- sometimes they produce "dull" pain that is incomprehensible to the gravity, the touch of the skin cause pain;
- the vessels gradually expand, become darker, the more obvious they appear under the skin;
- form "spider veins", vienna thicken, they are bent, easy to palpate;
- the swelling is applied to the ankles, the lower part of the thigh, sometimes they swell up even of the feet;
- after walking around for a man to fatigue quickly, the feet of "the scream", which feels like muscle weakness.
Important! Signs of an early stage of varicose veins much. Why are the people that brought the visit to a doctor? One does not have enough money for the treatment, the other time, the third wish. Sometimes you combine all the factors.
The lack of treatment, because the progression of the disease:
- the epidermis in the area of the pimple darkens, becomes thicker;
- serious, open up a lot of time to ulcer healing;
- worsening of the nutrition of the epidermis, the skin becomes more dry, wrinkled skin.
The stage of sharpening:
- is unbearable the pain of legs at different times of the day;
- the general weakness;
- the increase of the temperature;
- once in a while when it breaks the venous plexus is open from the bleeding. This phenomenon is more frequent at night.
That will, if it is negligent to refer to the treatment and prevention of varicose veins peripheral vascular? The more advanced cases lead to much distress for patients. Develop serious complications.
The most dangerous of the option – the inability of the normal blood flow, the development of gangrene, amputation of the limb (s). Think about that!
- thrombophlebitis in the acute phase;
- food of the pest;
- the bleeding of the dead of the nodes.
The general recommendations and rules for the treatment
How to cure varicose veins? The success of the treatment largely depends on the relationship of the patient to the recommendations of your doctor. Without the help of an expert flebologa not pass. It is a fairly rare specialty, try to find a good doctor.
Tune in to the long-term treatment. Return the veins of the health it is more difficult to eliminate the manifestations of the varicose disease.
Remember the basic rules:
- move more. To combat the venous stagnation will help to gymnastics in the morning, walking, riding a bike, swimming;
- try to lose weight;
- forget about the strenuous physical efforts, strength exercises, running, jumping;
- during the initial stage of the use of compression stockings are special elastic bandage;
- urge the foot rest, lifting the feet with the help of low of the pillow;
- good "speeds up" the blood of a simple exercise. Lying on the back, bend the knees, take the bike for a minute or two.
Important! Change the diet. Healthy vessels of the of those who eat vegetables, vegetables, berries, fruits, fermented dairy products, bread, flour, meal, drink enough liquid. Fatty, salty, smoked, food, the abundance of the magdalena, low cost of the pastes reduces vessel tone, increases the risk of thrombosis.
Pay attention to these tips:
- after a prolonged exposure to the foot of the ability to take a seat. Before you begin the work, and the rest apply at the foot of a gel, ointment against varicose disease. Drugs that get rid of the inevitable rise in the inflammation, improve the circulation of the blood;
- when the specialty related to the work with the computer, or driving, each time you have to get up, walk around the room. To be possible most often out of the machine. Well she communicates not only varicose veins but hemorrhoids;
- remember: you spend all day standing, yes, even in the high – heeled shoes- is very damaging. If the job is right for you, make sure you plan rest for the feet. Remove at least 10 minutes, posts, sit, or walk barefoot. Otherwise, the welfare become ugly veins, diseases, the need to forget full of beautiful shoes and high heels;
- during pregnancy wear special bandage, that reduces the pressure on the vascular system. Doctor's recommendation to wear elastic stockings to reduce venous stasis.
Home remedies and recipes
The initial stages of the varicose disease with success, treat the pets, ointments, condensation, this technology, other media, natural products and medicinal plants. More important is the desire of the patient, the regularity of the proceedings.
Treatment of varicose veins remedies in the home. Tested recipes:
- foot of france. Remove the fatigue after a hard day of work, to reduce the swelling will help you to add in the water, sea salt, broth of a camomile, mint, cola, yarrow. Tonify the vessels of a few drops of essential oils of geranium, lemon, peppermint, rosemary. The duration of the procedure is 30 minutes. The water should be warm, closer to cold;
- compresses with decoction of sage, yarrow, chamomile, calendula, peppermint. The herbs, take 1 tbsp with 1.5 l of boiling water. Insist 40 minutes, strain. Moisten a gauze pad, attach to the tired feet. Change the dressings 2 to 3 times less drying of liquids;
- the tincture of lilac and horse chestnut. Pick up fresh color, fold in a pint jar, 2 tablespoons each type of raw materials, pour a good vodka. Insist 2 weeks in the dark. Every day, a few times a day, clean the feet medicinal tincture;
- the tomato of varicose veins. In the juicy pulp of tomato is the lycopene substance, it strengthens the vessels. Loop the tomatoes in the grinder, put the dough in a piece of gauze, wrap the foot sick. Keep a couple of hours, not less. Simple: cut the tomato, wipe the halves of the leg from top to bottom. Good try varicose knots. After half an hour or an hour, you will feel relief;
- apple and an infusion. Need variety "is preserved by the antonovku". Cut four large apples, pour a liter of boiling water, wrap the pot. After 4 hours of infusion of ready. Crush the fruits. In the morning and in the evening, eat 1/3 cup of the infusion with a teaspoon of honey.
The modern procedures of
Moderate and more advanced cases are treated using the latest techniques. Effective:
- microflebractomy (dead vienna are removed through punctures in the skin epidermis);
- sclerotherapy (the sick in the vessels cure the introduction of the special preparations);
- lazeroterapiya (removal of the damaged areas and the treatment of varicose veins with laser);
- thermocoagulation (during the procedure, is removed vascular expenses).
The recommendations of the doctors:
- a long time ago that you do not feel or do not hold throughout the work day;
- periodically sit down or, on the contrary, rises and walks;
- make sure power;
- control your weight;
- do not use continually high heels;
- least possible to lift the weight;
- strengthen the elasticity of the vessels and moderate exercise, the water of the procedures;
- take vitamin medications;
- when the fatigue of the legs every night make the tonic tubs with useful substances;
- clean the blood with the help of the natural compositions.