Varicose veins of the feet is most common among all the species of this pathology. This is due to pryamohozhdeniem human, so that it creates a lot of stress on the lower extremities.
What is varicose veins veins and why does it occur?
The varicose disease is called the extension of superficial veins, in which it produces the violation of the hemorrhage. The development of the disease is related to the weakness of the venous wall and increase the pressure of the blood in the vessels. To extend one of the walls of the vein alters the normal function of the device.
The blood is not able to respond adequately to move towards the heart, and stagnant in the lower extremities. Thus develops veins varicose veins in the legs. The symptoms of the disease are manifested in the appearance of the setochki and venous nodes in the area's fragile veins.
The cause of varicose veins are very diverse. This and heredity, and excess weight, and wrong of life, and duration of physical activity of standing, and in pregnancy. It is very important the prevention of varicose veins, this will help to prevent the development of the disease, and to strengthen the vessels.
The symptoms and signs of varicose veins of the veins of the legs
The symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities are very varied, it all depends on the stage of the disease. At the beginning the patient does not see any of the external manifestations, can disturb only the tiredness after a day of work, heaviness in the legs. The disease can manifest itself in the development of vascular setochki, later appear as nodes, and you can see advanced of the vessels.
When the first signs of the disease you need to consult a doctor!
In the later stages of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins in the legs are multiplied, it appears the pain in the muscles and in the legs, swelling, pigmentation of the skin. In the cases evolve to ulcers trophic and venous hemorrhage.
The manifestations of the disease in different stages of
In the first phase of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins of the legs are mild. You can annoy the severity of the fatigue, and in some places of the skin shine through vascular expenditure or the "trickle" of vienna.
In the second phase of the disease can disturb cramps in the legs, appear in outward manifestations of the dilated veins, the patient feels pain and heaviness after a long physical activity.
The third stage of varicose veins is characterized by the occurrence of deep venous nodes, skin pigmentation, edema of the lower extremities.
The fourth stage is manifested in the form of venous ulcers of the skin, which may bleed and evil is a cure. The patient feels pain and discomfort in the field of the lower extremities.
And if it's not treated?
If you notice any of the symptoms of varicose veins of the legs, the treatment should be started as soon as possible. The absence of the correct action can lead to serious complications such as thrombophlebitis, bleeding of esophageal varices dilated veins, thromboembolism.
The blood clots that formed at the thrombophlebitis, prevent the normal flow of the current of the blood, which alters the supply of blood in the tissues. If you do nothing, they can appear ulcers trophic wounds in the skin, which is wet and evil is a cure.
In any case, you should consult a doctor immediately?
If you notice any manifestation of varicose veins, see your doctor. Severe pains in the legs, seizures, the onset of pigmentation, and deterioration of the general situation should also alert.
Do not tighten the visit to the phlebologist, resorting to a doctor will help you avoid all the complications and face the disease.
The diagnosis of varicose veins of the legs
The most common and effective of advanced diagnostic of the veins is considered an ultrasound. It will help you to determine the exact amount of finding esophageal varices extension of the vienna, their type and the degree of the disease.
At the first signs of varicose extension van to the foot of the hill immediately to complete a full cycle of the survey.
In addition, the doctor will prescribe a general analysis of blood, which will show the amount of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, leukocytes and platelets. This will help you determine the predisposition to thrombophlebitis, or indicate the presence of an inflammatory process in vienna.
Find out the stage of the disease can be with the help of this method, as rheovasography – definition of failure, the blood from the tissues. In complex and difficult-to-diagnose cases, resort to surgical research (for example, phlebography).
The treatment of varicose veins of the veins of the legs
There are several methods for the treatment of varicose veins, the decision is taken by the doctor and depends on the stage of the disease and its course.
- The use of drugs venotonics and angioprotectors are medications that normalize the structure of the walls of the blood vessels, improves microcirculation of the blood.
- Close knit items – it helps to reduce the sensation of pain, increases the tone of the vessels.
- Treatment of varicose veins with leeches – hirudotherapy, hirudin content in the saliva of leeches, reduces the viscosity of the blood and feed their nutrients.
- Surgical treatments – phlebectomy, coagulation, laser, radiofrequency coagulation, sclerotherapy, help you deal with the problem of varicose veins and remove varicose veins.
Prevention of varicose veins
Prevention of varicose veins will help to reduce the risk of the occurrence of the disease. Of life correct and sufficient, varied physical activity during the day, the possibility of to keep your veins healthy.
Do not forget about nutrition, because excess weight contributes to the development of varicose veins. After a hard day of work, let your feet a good rest. Forget the hot of the procedures and habits (the nicotine in cigarettes reduces the tone of the vessels).
- With the first signs of varicose veins, see a doctor immediately.
- Take special care to the blood vessels in the legs during pregnancy.
- If you have the risk of the appearance of varicose veins, for the prevention of the disease during long trips, travel and physical exercise wear a compression garment.
- Organize the mode of work and rest.
- Stop smoking, fat, and a gift of food, a lot of sitting in the same posture, to reduce the risk of occurrence of varicose veins.