Varicose veins of the lower extremities: symptoms, causes, treatment

According to the statistics one out of every five people on the planet suffer from the disease. But what is it and how to combat it? The medical professional vein clinic been able to find the correct way for the healing of the body, through the application of special medical care and diagnostic devices and treatment devices.

the treatment of varicose veins

Varicose veins: the specificity of the disease, the characteristics of the manifestations of

So suffering from disease of the ancient people. This follows from the recording of hippocrates, avicenna and the times of paracelsus. The physicians of that time have tried to fight against a defect, but the methods and actions have been unsuccessful.

Varicose veins is resistant pathologic extension is located beneath the skin of the veins. Is manifested the disease, not only in the lower extremities, but in the belly, the hands and the scrotum. Varicose veins refers to the number of pathologies progressive: if time is not taken to prevent the development of a defect, the problem of increase and the pain of the painful sensations to get rid will be even more difficult. The process of the disease is characterized by the fact that in vienna found in excess of state, can not cope with a flow of blood. The feet of those who get excessive fatigue and swelling, appears the severity of the stop and the ankles, and reduce leg cramps.

The symptoms of the disease

The feelings are precursors to the development of the disease? There are a lot of symptoms, when you are prompted that you must immediately consult your doctor:

  • heaviness in the legs, feeling of "pads" on the feet;
  • swelling of the stop and the ankles (the increase in the volume of the leg in the sural part in 2 times);
  • recurring seizures;
  • the apparent extension of the veins;
  • burning sensation in the "gear wheel";
  • trophic changes in the skin and stop pimples;
  • the seal of the skin in the places of varicose veins;
  • pigmentation, the appearance of dark dark shade of the epidermis;
  • pain, feeling not only in the supine position;
  • the appearance of bruises;
  • the appearance of venous ulcers.

The discomfort, that will always be with the man, with the time becoming in pain. They definitely impair the work capacity of the patient and that will lead to hospitalization.

Discover that you have been a victim of the disease is quite simple. In the process of development of varicose veins, the structure of the veins loses its elasticity, flexibility and elegance. Ultimately, as the vessels are found in the upper layers of the epidermis in a bent position, enlarged and twisted state. You can see them with the naked eye and feel the touch of the hand. Outwardly as vienna of steel wide, have acquired a dark blue or lilac. Convoluted vessels, especially below the knee in the back, they acquire the shape of the head clusters.

Varicose veins is the failure of valves perforating veins, which can be of two types:

  1. Primary.
  2. The secondary. Develops during pregnancy, before you find cirrhosis of the liver.

When the work of the valves in the cardiovascular system broken, the blood flow of the deep venous vessels, begins to run to surface waters, the more thin and weak of vienna. That is why we expand, stretch and weaken. For the full normalization of functioning of the cardiovascular system requires the recovery of all the patients of the veins.

The causes of varicose veins surgery

That can bring such consequences? Global changes in the agency's work can be caused by the following factors:

  1. Obesity. Impair the functionality of the circulation of the blood due to the replacement of fat and the crushing of them are located in the interior of the organs.
  2. Pregnancy. The gestation period of a child often requires the use of the funds to put on the standard estrogen and progesterone. Their action immediately affects the appearance of varicose veins. Characteristic of varicose veins in women, pregnant women, is that after birth it can gradually dissolve. It also appears varicose veins, women in a position with a larger volume of blood in the body. The uterus with the fruit of the pressure in the veins that go between the legs. This violates the work of the cardiovascular system and contributes to the enlargement of the veins.
  3. Situation durable in the same position. By the seat and fully the style of life appears frequently varicose veins. Especially often the disease is found among people of such professions, as the master, the surgeon.
  4. The genetic inheritance. Congenital anomalies of the blood vessels is the most common cause of the occurrence of the violation of the working of the veins.
  5. The presence of prior lesions of the foot (fractures). The deformation obtained by the fracture of a bone, often affecting the functioning of the venous vessels. Once a job alteration in the blood flow enough to make a push to the development of varicose veins.
  6. The changes of age. In people over the age of the vein wall becomes weak, a part of the epithelial cells left in a 100% to fulfill its functions, so that the work of the valves is broken and appears varicose veins.

Modern methods of treatment of the veins

the treatment of the veins

Pronounced in symptoms, you can not leave without attention, it is urgent to begin to solve problems through the application of modern methods of treatment. Help in the recovery of functioning of the cardiovascular system has a modern and professional clinic veins.

At this time in clinical work, these methods of treatment varicose veins:

  • conservative;
  • surgical.

Each one of these includes a series of recovery programs.

The conservative treatment

The type of treatment depends on the stage of development of the disease. Patients who have been subjected to the influence of the disease, but that it has become in the early stages of its development, may be subject to the recovery of a non-invasive way. In the program for this type of treatment includes the following methods:

  1. Medication. The course involves a careful examination of diagnosis and the assignment of their doctor of the medications within a given period of time. At the end of the medication, the patient re-passes of the survey. According to the results of the diagnosis that the person accepts the decision on the continuation of the treatment or its termination.
  2. Sclerotherapy of varicose veins. When using this method of treatment is require any special tools. It is a medication that is injected with a syringe into the treated veins varicosasom vienna. The effect of a drug is characterized by the fact that it adheres to the contaminated area from the inside of the vein. Thanks to this "hoax" in the body, the blood starts to go for the healthy vessels. Suitable, in this way, the recovery is not all, as that requires a certain phase of development of varicose veins, the state of the vessels and of the position of the nodes.
  3. Compression therapy. The method of recovery consists in the application of the special position of the underwear is adjusted so that only the primary care physician. The compression ratio is an effective way of bezoperatsionnogo of recovery, and the doctors of the vein clinic will have professional assistance in their use to achieve a 100 % cure.

The surgical removal of varicose veins

This method of treatment of the veins is in demand, as the treatment non-invasive way does not always allow to bid farewell to the disease. Due to a profound development of the disease, to get rid of it you can only resort to performing the operation.

The main indications for the use of the surgery, the surgical intervention in the treatment of varicose veins:

  1. The rapid development of the disease. The manifestation of the stage of venous leg ulcers.
  2. The violation of outflow of blood.
  3. Thrombophlebitis.
  4. The extension of the veins saphenous.
  5. The swelling and the high fatigue of the legs.

There are also a painless procedure, through the use of modern techniques of

  • Radiofrequency obliteration of the veins. RFO and EVRF lets through radio waves to reconstruct the structure of the vessels in the interior. For the realization of the operation in the clinic are used in catheters, disposable, generators of radio waves.
  • SVS – thermal occlusion of the impulses of the steam. The method involves the treatment of varicose veins by introducing into the interior of the vein catheter, through which, through the holes comes an abundant flow of steam. Hot steam allows you to penetrate into the most hidden corners inaccessible areas of the deposit and of influence in convoluted and deformed in vienna. After the course of treatment, so vienna is close.
  • The operation of varadi. The more complex method. Requires the removal of a sick person from vienna. Method 100 % effective. After the expiration of the day, the patient can go home. The only requirement is that the use of compression stockings from the time of the operation.
  • EVLT or coagulation laser of the veins. To perform the procedure the laser is used. Beam directed to the sick person a glass, which allows you to locate the defect. It is necessary the use of local anesthetic. The procedure leaves no scars, cuts, or burns.
  • The system of Venaseal involves the total closure of the patient's veins in the legs, through the agglutination of the valves of the vessels biological of the queue.

Very often surgical type of treatment combined with conservative. After the operation, very often it is required to consolidate the results of drugs.

Prevention of varicose veins

For the result cure rooted, and varicose veins ceased to exist, it requires not only regular drug of the stabilization of the state of the organism, but also the prevention of the disease, by the application of simple rules of lifestyle.

The doctors say that it is easier to prevent disease than to treat it. The simple rules of conduct and life styles that help prevent the development of varicose veins:

  • Of the writing mode of the day: the alternation of different types of loads on the body. The reduction to a minimum orthostatic loads.
  • The presence of the seats in the sedentary work at the table.
  • The resignation of the press and narrow clothing and footwear.
  • Regular exercise, Cycling and swimming.
  • The implementation of the morning and the evening load.
  • The sort of weight (because of a set of weight consult a dietitian).
  • Contrast showers.
  • The approval of the overnight 1.5 litres of liquid.

Still waiting for a long journey, and having expressed by the signs of development of the disease, make sure of the availability of all drugs on the way. Softeners, gels, and ointments are excellent assistants in these activities.

Through the application of simple measures of prevention of the pathology, not only can slow the progress of the disease. These steps will help you to get rid of discomfort and to prevent its progression. When you notice some signs of worsening of the state of your body, you should consult the flebologa. Modern diagnostic centers allow to determine the diagnosis, and to determine a form of therapy.