Varicose veins - a very common that appears in the 30% of women and 10 % of men, and each year the disease "rejuvenated". In the initial stages of varicose veins can not feel the patient, however, with the time they appear the first unpleasant bells in the form of swelling, spider veins, seizures, pain in the calf muscles. If timely not to pass the prevention and treatment of varicose veins in the legs appear visible to the eye nodosum of vienna.
The causes of varicose veins
The causes of varicose veins are:
- A hereditary factor;
- Physical inactivity;
- Hormonal failure in the body;
- Long static load;
- Injuries of the lower extremities;
- Weight lifting.
More vulnerable to varicose disease of the veins of the lower limbs of people in their work throughout the day are on their feet, a long time sitting at the computer or spend the time behind the wheel. This is because in the sitting position vienna partially pinch and the blood stream it slows down. This causes varicose veins of the lower extremities.
The mechanism of formation of
The task of the veins - perform of the cells and organs of established the blood back to the easy for the oxygen saturation. Push the blood in the heart and lungs are fine veins of not being able to cope with this task, with the help of the following systems:
- The venous valves, which represent a growth of the inner layer of the vein, play the role of regulators in a unilateral motion. Thanks to its proper work of the return current of the blood is not possible. As well as the valves should lift the blood is of great height, resisting the gravity of the Earth, nature has been thought of triple venous system. Thanks to this, the load between the venous systems of the body is changing.
- The muscle pump. The sheath of the veins is developed poorly, therefore, aid in the processing of the blood towards the heart and lungs are located in the thickness of skeletal muscles. Them, Contracting, tightening vienna, and the blood passes to the authorities.
The breach in the muscular work of the pump and the valve causes the increase of load in the deep veins. Not coping with the increased load of deep veins convey the leadership role of the veins subcutaneous, which gradually expand, resulting in a varicose vein disease (varicose veins).
It turns out that the varicose disease of the lower extremities is a chronic disease that increases the diameter of the veins, the blood in them is stagnant, the walls of the veins, slimming, in it appear the nodes. In varicose veins of the lower limbs damaged of vienna are showing through the skin.
The prevention of varicose disease
The appearance of the first signs of varicose disease is necessary to abide by the simple rules that will help prevent further development of varicose veins.
- Hot baths, saunas, active the sun sick varicose veins are contraindicated. The high temperatures lower the tone of the veins, causing blood stasis;
- The fight against physical inactivity. The attendance regular physical exercise can improve blood circulation and strengthen vienna. To this end, is shown swimming, fitness, a slow jog;
- The seat of the feet should not be one in the other, since this way aprieteXia of vienna and alters the blood flow;
- The fight against the overweight. A person who is overweight increases the volume of the blood, as well as the load on the legs who in the department leads to varicose expansion of veins;
- You can not wear a pair of socks with tight elastic bands and narrow footwear, as well as high-heeled shoes needle;
- Switches the load, do not stay long in the position of sitting and standing;
- In the morning, then gym for legs and easy self-massage of the feet (only in the case that there is only a predisposition to varicose veins of the lower extremities, but there are no clinical signs!!!);
- As you walk barefoot in the grass and the sand;
- Not to get carried away by the strong tea and coffee;
- While watching tv or reading the place the legs over the head. To do this, you can use pillows or twisted blankets roller.
The treatment of varicose veins
Varicose veins not only decreases the quality of life of the patient, but can also be the cause of the deaths. That is why it is not worth to start the disease and when the first signs of contact with the clinic for the treatment of varicose veins.
In our days in the clinics apply the most modern forms of treatment of varicose disease, including sclerotherapy, which allows you to avoid the surgery in the varicose veins. Available medical most modern laboratories, as well as the latest equipment (doppler, duplex ultrasound scanner) and effective medicines, which enables you to achieve spectacular results in the treatment of varicose veins.
Treatment of varicose veins remedies
That may be helpful are the teas of nettle, and acacia flowers, taken before each meal, as well as baths of birch leaves of the stinging nettle and the burdock (not hot).
The treatment of varicose veins of the veins in the legs remedies is shown only after consulting with your doctor and ONLY in addition to a medical abortion, which designates a specialist.
The treatment of varicose veins drug
Pharmacological treatment of varicose veins involves the application of medications stimulation of the vein in the form of gels and ointments. For the strengthening of the action of drugs shows the use of compression the media and the stockings, which gently shrug their finitude, do not pinch the veins.
However, the treatment of varicose veins in the legs totally doesn't get rid of the varicose veins, and only reduces the clinical manifestations of the disease, avoiding thrombophlebitis (acute inflammatory disease that requires care in the hospital).
In addition to the use of medications, the doctor may recommend a procedure of lymphatic drainage, after which there will be inflammation, improve lymph flow in the feet. The only thing that is worth remembering the effect of this massage doesn't last very long (one to two months).
Surgical treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities shows reach of all. Today, in many centers, it is widely applied to the practice the treatment of varicose veins without surgery. The more safe and effective, today is sclerotherapy.
Sclerotherapy is a non-invasive method, which in the affected vein, it enters the drug. The medicine that destroys the top layer of vienna, leading to their agglutination. In the period of a year and a half stuck vienna is reabsorbed, transport to the function itself take healthy veins.
The medicine was selected the doctor on the basis of studies made and in function of the status of each patient. To achieve the necessary effect of 3 to 6 sessions. The result will be visible through 2 - 8 weeks.
Unfortunately, this procedure shows that not all patients who suffer from the varicose disease. You should consult with a doctor, since an incorrect use of this method can lead to recanalization (restoration of blood flow through the vessels) of vienna, and the effect of this procedure will be zero.
Treatment of varicose veins without surgery is possible with the use of medications in the form of microfoam nitrile. This technique is called Foam-form sclerotherapy. And is successfully applied in the clinical treatment of varicose veins.
In addition, the procedure of sclerotherapy accompanies ultrasound scanner, whereby the doctor controls the movement of the needle and of the uniformity of the distribution of medicines. Therapeutic affected to the varicose veins of vienna allows you to achieve good effects and significantly reduces the risk of complications.
The operation of varicose veins
In some cases, the varicose veins, the doctor recommended the operation. There is No reason to fear, because at the present time this type of operation are set to the flow and postoperative complication extremely rare.
In treatment centers varicose veins operations are performed with the use of local tumescent anesthesia. The patient at the time of the operation is in the conscience and after the operation you can leave the clinic already after 2 hours. In comparison with the operations carried out under general anesthesia, this type of surgery does not cause intoxication and reduces the likelihood of bruising. You can carry out the operation and the use of general anesthesia (in the conditions of the dream).
The intervention in the surgical treatment of the varicose disease is of several types:
- Short Peel;
- Intravascular coagulation, laser;
- Endoscopic pairs matches.
The choice of method is selected by the doctor after a thorough examination, and the taking of required tests.
The choice of the clinic has a value!
They say: "Health has no price". However, this statement is not entirely true. When faced with a problem, people begin to find a clinic in which they are provided with the qualified help. And here plays an important role in the cost of services.
The price of services in the clinics depends on the qualification of doctors, equipment and medicines.
Save on your health and a full life is not the best option. Too often, the professionals of some of the health centers of the felling of correcting the errors of other doctors. And these mistakes mean to the patient additional costs, expenses of nerves and shaken health. Health is worth it to them did to the best professionals.