Varicose veins in the legs: symptoms, treatment

That is why all those who deal with this problem, it is important to know the reason of varicose veins, their manifestation, and most importantly, learn the best methods for the treatment of this disease.

varicose veins in the legs

General information

Varicose veins of the veins is a chronic disease of the vessels, which develops as a consequence of the stagnation of the blood (most often in the lower extremities). This occurs due to insolvency, vascular valves, which in a normal state, let the blood exclusively upward, from the lower extremities towards the heart. The blood that costs a lot of time puts pressure on the walls of the vessels, with the result that thinning, lose their elasticity and become deformed, considerably extending. At the foot of a patient at a glance you can see the winding "snake" of the vessels, which are elevated above the skin, and in some places forming varicose veins "nodes".

The causes of varicose veins

The causes of the development of this disease, are many. In particular, the varicose veins can cause:

  1. "The bad" of the inheritance. With varicose veins faced by people with innate weakness of the device or of the venous walls.
  2. The increase in venous pressure. Very often this disease leads factors that increase the pressure, that is to say, pregnancy, obesity, constant vertical loads (when a person's worth in the legs), the sedentary lifestyle (sedentary).
  3. The receipt of funds. Some hormonal medications, particularly birth control pills with a high content of estrogen cause the condensation of the blood and can cause varicose veins.
  4. Violation of the circulation of the blood. Data errors may occur as a consequence of weak physical activity, smoking, carrying too shoes narrow or chronic constipation.
  5. Hormonal disorders age-related changes in the body.

One of the manifestations and complications of the disease

The doctors realize that varicose veins is not so terrible in itself, as they are dangerous for its complications. In fact, in the early stages of development of the disease the extension of the veins saphenous is for the man the appearance of a problem (so that you see especially women). First in the skin appear spider veins, the so-called "webs". Man, when this begins to feel heaviness in the legs, swelling of the limbs, and feel pain when you walk. This is important symptoms of varicose veins, which in any case should not remain without attention. But if the person is not in a hurry to go to the doctor and find out the cause of the indisposition, you run the risk of starting the varicose veins and to encounter a problem that you cannot resolve without the need for surgical intervention.

With the development of varicose veins skin in the area of the pillars thick and acquires a cyanotic hue. Caviar of the sick begin to "hurt," even a short walk, and under the skin can look swollen in vienna. And, with time, these veins become very painful.

But this is only the beginning of serious health problems. If a person is not begins to fight with disease of the skin, environment, affected of vienna, begin to occur irreversible changes, and later appear ulcers trophic. In addition, without treatment of the inner walls of the veins swell and cause the formation of blood clots. As well develops thrombophlebitis. Grew in size, clots of blood lining the lumen of the vein, and at any time a blood clot may break loose. This state can cause death.

Therefore, it is understandable that the varicose veins should be treated. And start a treatment is needed as soon as possible. Later on we will examine the techniques for the treatment of this serious disease.

The pharmacological treatment

In the therapy varicose veins necessarily apply to medicines. For the most part, capsule, or tablet, they produce on the organism an action. In particular:

  • Special tools. These features enhance the blood flow, preventing the development of thrombosis, and at the same time increase the vascular tone of the wall. Resolve varicose veins with drugs is not going to work, but remove the swelling of the feet, to eliminate the burning sensation and pain could be.
  • Drugs which dilute blood. These drugs clear the blood and contribute to a better circulation, prevents the development of thrombosis.
  • The anti-inflammatory drugs. These include pills, ointments and gels, which remove the pain, relieve the swelling and hinder the clumping of platelets. But what is more important, these medications prevent the swelling of the veins, which leads to the thrombophlebitis.

Stockings and pantyhose for varicose veins

The representatives of the beautiful sex face veins varicosasom much more than that of men. In large measure this is due to the hormonal changes that occur in the female body (menopause, pregnancy). That's precisely why the best tool for the prevention of varicose veins for them is the use of stockings or socks. What is the compression garment compresses your feet and that prevents the expansion of the veins, and which is different to the prevention of varicose veins. And in the case that it has already been perceived of the disease, what is the clothing protects the feet from pains, swelling and fatigue.

the treatment of the veins


The treatment of varicose veins of water has been known since time immemorial. Under the effect of different temperatures on the veins to contract and expand, which helps improve its elasticity. Knowing this, the modern medical use of hydrotherapy in the early stages of development of varicose veins when the skin just began to appear spider veins. And, depending on your problem, baths can be local (only for the legs), or general (whole body). The temperature of the water in a bath varies from 20 to 40 °C.

Alternative therapies

In the comprehensive treatment of varicose veins, can be applied to the non-traditional methods. Below are several examples.

The juice of potatoes

Affected by the veins must be morning, afternoon, and night grease a juice and potato juice, as well as apply on the night of the dressings of the band, submerged in the juice. In the annex 3 p/day, you should drink 100 ml of potato juice. Treat spider and varicose veins by means should for 3-4 months.

The apple cider vinegar

Call it a "no. 1" of varicose veins, and all because of the cider vinegar of apple improves the circulation, strengthens the walls of blood and improves the tone of the skin. Applying it is very simple: 2-3 p/day is necessary to lubricate the vinegar of the skin in the area of the affected veins. And, at the same time, you should drink a glass of water, in which it was separated 1 teaspoon of vinegar. The duration of therapy is 2 months.

The leaves Kalanchoe

This is another effective remedy to combat the spread of the veins. Fill the floor of a litre bottle of chopped leaves Kalanchoe half and fill with the raw material of 40% alcohol, the bottle was full. Giving a tool to stand in a dark place for a week, strain, and apply tincture to rub the affected areas 2 p/day. The procedures must be supplemented with a light massage of the veins. Does this treatment 4 months.

The willow bark

A good help in the fight with this disease will become in the tub with the white willow bark. Such a procedure should grind the bark, after which 2 tablespoons of raw materials to flood 400 ml of water and simmer for 15 minutes. Ready tool add buckets of water and then slowly lower the legs and hold for 30 minutes. Immediately after the procedure, place the compression stockings and let your feet rest. Carry out the procedure for the day, for 3 months. By the way, to enhance the effect of the decoction of willow bark, it can be diluted decoction of the bark of the oak.

All of these methods are an excellent means for the prevention of this disease, and have a good help in the treatment of varicose veins in an early stage of the disease. However, the practice shows that 80% of the cases, the person with injury of the vein is directed to the doctors as it runs from the disease. In this situation, or a compression garment, or creams and ointments, or the media are not capable of as any influence in the development of the disease. We need radical measures. The benefit of modern medicine is ready to offer effective methods for the solution of this complex issue.


It is a non-surgical method of the struggle with the veins varicosasom the doctor, with the help of a needle inserted into the affected vein special substance. This substance adheres to vienna from the inside, due to which it dissolves, and the blood flow begins to go through the healthy veins. The number of sessions on the introduction of sclerosant may vary depending on the severity of the injury. And throughout the treatment, the patient must wear the compression garment.


As a result of this therapy man almost always forget of varicose veins. Only in 25% of cases occur relapses, and are generally associated with the march of the disease. The truth does not understand that the sclerotherapy is not performed to pregnant women and people with obesity.

The laser treatment

This is one of the advances of medicine, which allows you to get rid of varicose veins without surgery. The radiation generated by the laser, the "also becomes drunk at the" affected of vienna from the inside, thus closing your height and cutting off the path of circulation of the blood that begins to go more in depth of the veins. With the time of gluing of the glass to form the connective tissue, which later is reabsorbed.

This method of solution of problems more effective than sclerotherapy. It less traumatic, the operation does not last more than 40 minutes, and the patient can leave the clinic, literally, through 2 hours after the surgery. Not in vain, the treatment of varicose veins with laser is called "office surgery". When this incisions in the skin should be done only when the solution of the large veins, small varicose veins, are resolved without damaging the tissues. It is worth remembering that the cost of this operation is quite high.

Radiofrequency ablation

More recently, in our country, began to practice the most modern method of solution is affected by the veins, which received the name of the radiofrequency ablation. Is used for the treatment of the trunk of the large veins affected veins varicosasom. In this case, through the incision in the skin in the contaminated area of the vein to introduce the radio frequency of a catheter, which with the help of the microwave "brew" from the inside of the vein. And the catheter has sensors that allow you to track the effectiveness of the work of the procedure.

This method can compete with the laser treatment, since he also does not require incisions in the skin, does not leave bruises and it takes place, literally, for 30 minutes. On the day of the operation the patient can return to performing their tasks. However, the cost of this procedure is high even in comparison with the laser coagulation.

The surgical removal of

It is important to understand that in the case of eczema, thrombophlebitis, as well as venous leg ulcers, the treatment of the above methods is not carried out. Resolve launched the varicose veins can only be surgical removal of the veins. However, and here it is not so critical. In the arsenal of modern surgeons there are microsurgical methods to remove the vein through a small incision, and the scars after the procedure, there is simply no. In addition, new technologies allow you to eliminate the painful vienna, literally, for 30-40 minutes.

Have fear of varicose veins is not necessary. On the contrary, the illness requires greater attention to itself, and the sooner the better. The timely identification and correct method of treatment is possible without problems to solve the problem of disease and living a full life.